in 1948, Congress created filing statuses. The original filing statuses in 1948 were: Single; Married Filing Jointly; and Married Filing Separately.
After Poe v. Seaborn, proposals to equalize the tax treatment of married couples were floated in 1933, 1934, 1937 and 1941, but none of the proposals were adopted.
Now let’s look at what the IRS and the courts had to say about the issue of filing separate tax returns and community property law in the 1920s.
Even if a business is only open for 3 or 4 months out of the year, the business will have income and expenses during that timeframe. A business owner can estimate those numbers (budgeting!) and use those numbers to determine how many jobs need performed (lawns mowed, driveways cleared of snow, etc.) in order to at least break even.